Baby goat with peas and eggs (and a cooking renaissance)

Since, by a cruel turn of circumstance, I came to be living alone, I’ve lost much of the pleasure I used to derive from cooking. Food had always meant more to me than just nourishment ever since I witnessed the sheer happiness that my father drew from cooking for me once he had retired. He’d bug me at work, asking what I fancied for dinner. Invariably I couldn’t decide so he’d sometimes make a few things. Yep, I was totally spoilt, but he loved doing it, and slowly it rubbed off on me.

The joy gained from feeding someone you love, and sharing a meal with them, can be truly infectious and lift the spirits. Conversely, cooking for one leaves me feeling thoroughly flat. I’ve also lost an enormous amount of confidence, such that following recipes and inevitably being constrained by the requisite precision that cooking a new dish or unfamiliar cuisine demands can seem too daunting at times. Cookery books languish on my shelves untouched, unloved, and pristine.

I’ve therefore wound up cooking a limited and repetitive, yet comfortingly familiar, diet of pasta and other simple meals. And indeed, whilst the possibilities for variety with pasta are endless, I invariably make the same two or three sauces that habit, and lack of forethought, dictates.

I originally started the blog with the intention of compelling myself to broaden my knowledge and repertoire of Italian food: in particular, that of Campania, and its principal city Naples, where my father was from. However, since my inaugural post about pizza, I’ve struggled to find the inspiration to continue. Nevertheless, following some rather delightful feedback via Twitter from a couple of well-regarded food folk concerning that post, I feel newly encouraged to put pen to paper.

It seems pertinent, then, given my current torpor, to also use the blog as a means to drag myself out of this food rut that I’ve sunk into, and try some new, Neapolitan dishes at home.

With an impending trip back to the Fatherland, it seemed fitting to test out a dish that I ate on my first ever visit there, aged seven: ‘Capretto con piselli e uova’. That’s kid goat* with peas and egg. Neapolitans typically eat this on Easter Sunday.  I hope you like it.

 Capretto con piselli e uova

Serves 2

250-300g diced kid goat, trimmed of fat  (I used leg although best end may be better for tenderness)
Olive oil
½ an onion – sliced in half-moon slices (my preference, you can chop if preferred)
A handful or two of frozen peas (in Naples they use jarred peas, however, I find these can look a bit sludgy)
1 egg
1 glass of white wine
A generous grating of pecorino or parmesan
A squeeze of lemon
Salt and pepper

Liberally cover the bottom of a frying pan with olive oil and gently fry the onion until soft, but not coloured. Next, add the goat to the pan, and cook over a medium heat until browned, turning frequently.

Image

Season with salt and pour in the wine. Lower the flame and let the meat cook gently, uncovered, until the wine has bubbled away and reduced to a lightly syrupy consistency. You may need to add a little water from time to time to ensure that there is always some liquid to the dish. This process should take around 30 minutes, but use your judgement.

Stir in the peas, still frozen, and cook for a further five to ten minutes, until they are cooked through but still bright green. Try not to crush them.

In the meantime, beat the egg and combine with the grated cheese. Once the goat and peas are cooked, remove the pan from the heat and stir in the eggy-cheese mixture. The eggs should cook into a creamy emulsion using the residual heat from the meat.

Season with a healthy squeeze of lemon, some salt and pepper to taste, and if you like, a sprinkling of chopped parsley for added colour. I realise the photo below is rubbish, but I’ve got to start somewhere…

photo

This would also be wonderful with some beautiful baby artichokes or freshly podded broad beans; especially now that Spring will soon be here. And of course, you can substitute the kid goat for lamb should you wish.

*A footnote about kid goat

Kid goat is eaten widely in Italy, though not so much over here and it’s a great shame for both ethical and nutritional reasons. Baby goats tend to be raised as a by-product of the dairy industry, rather than being bred for meat (the female goats must give birth regularly in order to lactate). Inevitably, this means, as with male dairy calves, that baby billy goats are sent to slaughter since they can’t be used in the dairy industry.

Cabrito, founded by chef James Whetlor and farmer Jack Jennings, is hoping to change this by supplying quality goat meat to restaurants. They don’t breed goats for meat; rather they raise those born as a by-product of the dairy industry, and only take goats from farms with high welfare standards. Currently, Cabrito is supplying restaurants such as Quo Vadis, St John, 10 Greek Street and Bocca di Lupo. You can also purchase their meat from Flock & Herd ** butchers in Peckham, which is where I got mine.

In terms of nutrition (see below), goat is an excellent health choice, containing less fat than chicken, and more iron than beef. It’s also very high in potassium, which is good for balancing out the negative effects of salt in our diet.

Meat (100g cooked)

Fat (g)

Saturated fat (g)

Calories (kcal)

Iron (mg)

Potassium (mg)

Comments

Goat

3.0

0.9

143

3.7

405

Veal

7.6

3.0

172

1.0

337

Beef

10.5

4.1

219

2.0

355

Sirloin, trimmed

Chicken

6.6

1.8

167

1.2

229

Roasted, meat only

Source: USDA “National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference” Release 25, September 2012

** I’m not sure Flock & Herd still stocks goat meat, but you can now buy the goat meat from The Ginger Pig.

The origins of pizza

“Pizza is the noblest, most genial and most noteworthy of Naples’s institutions” – Pietro Mascagni (early 20th century composer)

One of the perils of living in the arse end of nowhere, at the end of the Northern Line, is the interminably long tube journey home.  When I’m not surreptitiously snapping #sleepclub shots, or documenting crimes against commuter fashion, invariably I fall prey to all manner of aural assaults: the loud footie bore, the slack-jawed gum-chewer, or the self-proclaimed font of all knowledge.

Recently, during an almost two hour trek home from Santa Maria pizzeria in Ealing, I suffered the misfortune of sitting right across from the latter. I watched with mild intrigue as he proudly showed his girlfriend the vast Iron Maiden badge collection on his jacket, and waxed lyrical on his various specialist subjects.  He was a bore.  And a loud one at that.

And then came the broadside: “I hate Italians”. My mind boggled at what could have caused such a vituperative declaration (but I remained calm), and then came the reason. “They think they invented pizza, but they didn’t, the New Yorkers did”.

And this got me thinking. Was he right? Being a half-breed mongrel Neapolitan, I’d always believed that pizza was invented in Naples, its spiritual home; but perhaps that was an urban myth.  Even several Twitterati reiterated the New York story.  Time to find out.

It transpires that the common consensus surrounding the arrival of pizza in the US coincides with the influx of Italian immigrants in the late 19th century, debunking Tube-man’s myth. The first pizzeria in New York, Lombardi’s, was rumoured to open some years later in 1905.  So what of its real origins?

Back to the beginning

In terms of the bread part of pizza, these go back centuries and likely emanate from the Middle East where the Egyptians first discovered how to regulate yeast fermentation in order to produce leavened bread.  In ‘Classic Cuisine of the Italian Jews’, it is suggested that the Jews then brought the flat bread concept to Italy in the 1st century, following the Roman conquest of Judea.  In fact, the first written reference to ‘pizza’ can be found in the Latin text of Gaeta’s[1] city charter as early as 997 AD, where it is documented that the tenant of a windmill was to give his landlord “duodecim pizze” (12 pizzas) every Christmas Day and Easter Sunday.

Pizza in its current-day, tomato-topped incarnation did not of course exist prior to the arrival of tomatoes in Italy following their South American discovery in 1492 by Cristopher Columbus (or was it Cortés who brought them to Europe?).  Professor Carlo Mangoni from the University of Naples believes that tomatoes were first used on pizza in 1760, and Ferdinand, King of Naples (who reigned from 1759 – 1825) so enjoyed this new pizza adorned with tomatoes, garlic, oil and oregano (the ‘Marinara’) that he commissioned an outdoor, purpose-built oven at his Capodimonte palace.  Henceforth, pizza parties became the fashionable way to entertain.  Even Alexandre Dumas in his 1843 work ‘Il Corricolo’ observed “…it is a complex dish.  Pizza flavoured with oil, lard, tallow, cheese, tomato, or anchovies”.

Around that time, the Port’Alba pizzeria opened in Naples in 1830 (having been established as a stall serving peddlars in 1738), and exists to this current day.  It is another Naples institution, however, that transformed pizza into the classic ‘Margherita’.  Following its unification in 1860, Queen Margherita, wife of King Umberto I, expressed an interest in Neapolitan pizza and summoned Raffaele Esposito of Pizzeria di Pietro (now Brandi) to bring her one.  He decorated the traditional ‘Marinara’ with mozzarella and basil in homage to the new Kingdom of Italy and its ‘tricolore’ flag, and thus was born the ‘Margherita’.

Santa Bufalina

A Santa Bufalina pizza from Santa Maria pizzeria, Ealing

So there you have it: a potted history of the Neapolitan pizza.  There are of course variations on a theme, one such being the Roman ‘pizza al taglio’ where the topping reigns supreme, the base crisp and the pizza served from trays by the slice.  Or Chicago style pizza.  And of course, much derided incarnations such as Pizza Express and Domino’s. Whilst these bear no resemblance to Neapolitan pizza, they say imitation is the sincerest form of flattery.  And who am I to say what anyone should eat?  In fact, I must confess to the occasional dirty indulgence of a Domino’s, especially cold, for breakfast.

Neapolitans would of course shudder at that last suggestion, and in order to protect the ‘invention’ of which they remain fiercely proud, the Associazione Verace Pizza Napoletana was created.

Associazione Verace Pizza Napoletana (“AVPN”)

In typical triumphalist Neapolitan style, this not-for-profit organisation was founded in 1984 with the aim of promoting and ‘protecting’ “La vera pizza Napoletana” (true Neapolitan pizza).   To achieve this, a set of exacting International regulations was drawn up governing the ingredients and production methods used in authentic Neapolitan pizza.  Should you so desire, you can get the full Monty here.

For ease, here is a summary of the key stipulations:

  • Limited to two types of pizza: ‘Marinara’ (tomato, oil, oregano, garlic) and ‘Margherita’ (tomato, oil, mozzarella or fior di latte, basil)
  • Cooked in a wood-fired oven which has reached 485oC – cooking time not to exceed 60-90 seconds
  • Consistency should be “soft, elastic, easy to manipulate and fold” with a particularly soft centre
  • The crust (‘cornicione’) should deliver “the flavour of well-prepared, baked bread” and be no more than 1-2cm
  • The base should be no more than 0.4cm in thickness
  • Pizza base ingredients: ‘00’ wheat flour, sea salt and yeast (compressed, biologically produced saccharomices cervisiae – natural yeast may also be used)
  • Condiments:
    • Fresh tomatoes: San Marzano, Corbarino, or Pomodorino del piennolo del Vesuvio
    • Canned, peeled tomatoes: San Marzano
    • Mozzarella: buffalo mozzarella DOP
    • Fior di Latte: dell’appennino meridionale DOP
    • Oregano or basil
  • The dough should be left to rise for two hours, before being cut and shaped into balls (‘panetti’) by hand – the ‘staglio a mano’.  The panetti are then left to rise in special boxes (‘mattarelle’) for a further four to six hours – to be used in the next six hours.

Footnote – Santa Maria Pizzeria

I visited Santa Maria pizzeria in Ealing twice recently: once as a guest, and the second time as a paying customer. Apart from perhaps Franco Manca in Brixton, I had yet to find a pizzeria remotely resembling the kind I was used to in Naples; so needless to say, on my first visit, I was intrigued.

It’s been covered by far more eloquent bloggers elsewhere (see Tehbus, Rocket & Squash and Federilli’s Pasta Bites) so I’ll keep it briefer than brief.  From the moment I walked in I knew I was on to a winner: that unmistakeable aroma of tomatoes and pizza, and the decor (tiny space, white marble counter, glass fronted shelves stacked with condiments, domed oven and Napoli football team paraphernalia adorning the walls) instantly transported me back to the Trianon in Naples where my father took me as a child.

The pizzas were superlative: slightly charred base, puffy cornicione with floury to-the-touch feel, soft, molten interior and delightful aroma: just as you would expect a Neapolitan pizza to be.  Suffice to say, I was prepared to make the three hour roundtrip to eat there and plan on returning soon. I’d even wager that my ultra-fussy Neapolitan cousins would approve – and that’s saying something. Question is: would Tube-man?


[1] A city and commune in Lazio, 80km from Naples.